Printed on non-watermarked paper. The issued copies must have a dry stamp on the allegorical image (Lupa
Giuseppe Garibaldi (Nice, 4 July 1807 - Caprera, Archipelago of La Maddalena, 2 June 1882) was an Italian general, patriot, leader and writer. A prominent figure in the Italian Risorgimento, he was one of the most famous Italian historical figures in the world. He is also known as the "hero of the two worlds" for his military achievements both in Europe and in South America.
Considered by the historiography and popular culture of the twentieth century it influenced, the main Italian national hero, began his movements around the world as an officer of merchant ships and then as a long-time captain in command, while his most famous military enterprise was the Expedition of the Thousand, which annexed the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies to the nascent Kingdom of Italy during the Unification of Italy. Mason of the 33rd degree of the Grand Orient of Italy (he also briefly held the office of Grand Master), admittedly anticlerical, he was the author of numerous writings and publications, mainly of
In 1867, taking advantage of the popularity derived from the victory of Bezzecca, Garibaldi was attempting to invade Rome again. He promoted a collection he called "Obolo
He prepared an attack counting on the internal revolt of the city; after a series of referrals, without the support of the state, on September 23 he left Florence, but the day after September 24,
He organized a daring escape using Luigi Gusmaroli as his double. While the man replaced Garibaldi, the Nice left the island on October 14, lying on an old snipe bought years earlier and hidden. He arrived at the islet of Giardinelli, and, after having forded, he arrived at La Maddalena and stayed with
On the 29th it reached Castel Giubileo and then at Casal de 'Pazzi, on the 30th until the dawn of the 31st it remained in sight of Rome but there was no revolt that awaited and withdrew its troops. Garibaldi did not know of the proclamation of the king who had sedated the rebellious spirits, despite the sacrifice of the Cairoli brothers (Clash of Villa Glori) and the sacrifice in Rome of the Tavani Arquati and Monti and Tognetti decapitated in 1868.
He decided to go to Tivoli: the departure was scheduled for 3 November at 3 am but was postponed to 11 am, there were about 4,700 arrived in Mentana, met the 3,500 pontiffs led by Hermann Kanzler, but managed to make them retreat; then came the 3,000 Frenchmen led by Charles De Failly, equipped with the Chassepot rifle breeder rifle in what will be called the battle of Mentana. In front of the fire, Garibaldi continued the attack but at a later announced charge he was stopped by Canzio, he then decided to withdraw the troops.
He left with a train from Orte to Livorno, but at the Figline Valdarno station he was arrested again and locked up in Varignano on 5 November, remaining there until 25 November, after which he returned to Caprera. As a