Il dollaro è stata la valuta ufficiale dello Zimbabwe, fino al 12 aprile 2009, quando a causa dell'imponente inflazione, la dollarizzazione ha portato ad utilizzare esclusivamente altre valute al suo posto per le transazioni nel paese. Il dollaro zimbabwiano era suddiviso in 100 cent. Normalmente veniva abbreviato con il simbolo di dollaro "$" o, in alternativa, con "Z$" per distinguerlo da altre valute chiamate dollaro. Pur essendo tra le valute più pregiate al momento dell'introduzione nel 1980, nel 2009 era la più inflazionata al mondo.
The paper money of Zimbabwe were physical forms of Zimbabwe's four incarnations of the dollar ($ or Z$) from 1980 to 2009. The banknotes of the first dollar replaced those of the Rhodesian dollar at par in 1980 following the proclamation of independence. The Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe issued most of the banknotes and other types of currency notes in its history, including the Bearer cheques and Agro cheques ("Agro" being short for Agricultural) that circulated between 15 September 2003 and 31 December 2008: the Standard Chartered Bank also issued their own emergency cheques from 2003 to 2004.
The Chiremba Balancing Rocks in Epworth, Harare is the main illustration on the obverse of regular banknotes of the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe: for its emergency Bearer and Agro cheques, the rocks became part of the Reserve Bank's emblem that also appeared on the obverse. The reverse of dollar notes often illustrate the culture or landmarks of Zimbabwe.
The second dollar (ZWN) was replaced on 1 August 2008 by the third dollar (ZWR), which was then phased out by the fourth dollar (ZWL) with short notice on 2 February 2009 because it rapidly lost value. The economic and trade sanctions imposed against the Zimbabwean government and the Reserve Bank made it difficult to incorporate modern security features on most banknotes issued since September 2008.